DEFINITION

As in the Law no.5174 article 4 of The Union Of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey; chambers are described as follows.

“Chambers are occupational establishments having the nature of public legal entities established in order to fulfill the common needs of their members, to facilitate such members’ occupational activities, to ensure the development of occupations in line with common benefits, to maintain occupational discipline, ethics and cooperation so as to ensure honesty and trust among their members and in their public relationships, and to perform the services indicated in the Law and the duties that chambers have been conferred by the relevant legislation.”

CHAMBER DUTIES
In accordance with the description in the Law No. 5174, Chambers’ duties are listed as follows.

a) To protect and progress professional ethics, discipline and solidarity, to work for the progression of the commerce and industry in conformity with public interest.
b) To compile the information and news regarding commerce and industry and to give them to persons concerned, to provide information that is requested by official authorities in accordance with relevant laws and especially to provide any kind of information that may be needed by the members during the performance of their work upon their request or to make it easy for their members to acquire such information, to take initiatives to lead their members with regard to electronic commerce and internet network, and to establish and put into operation the required infrastructure for these activities.
c) To make all kinds of researches with regard to commerce and industry, to keep records of indexes and statistics concerning economical, commercial and industrial activities, to follow and record the market prices of main products and distribute them with proper instruments.
d) To issue and approve the documents set out in article 26.
e) To make offers, requests and applications to official authorities with regard to their professional activities, to bring a suit, by a decision from the assembly, on behalf of himself or members when all or some of the members have professional interest.
f) To determine commercial and industrial customs in their professional fields, to submit them to the Ministry for approval, and to announce them.
g) To take professional decisions that the members are obliged to comply with.
h) To participate in domestic and overseas fairs and expositions.
i) When deemed necessary, to determine and approve the maximum price tariffs for goods and services for their members listed in article 125 of Law No. 507 on the Craftsmen and Tradesmen in conformity with the regulation that will be enacted by the Ministry.
r) To perform the duties assigned by other legislations and the duties that will be assigned by the Ministry and the Union in accordance with the relevant laws.
s) To keep the members’ record in accordance with the standards set out by the Union and to save the documents with regard to the membership dues and to submit them to the Union whenever it is requested.
t) In case where the works, which are given to the ministries and other public institutions by the legislation, are given to the chambers in the framework of their establishment purpose and working fields that are stated in this Law, these chambers shall carry out these works.
u) To give the documents needed by the members and to render the services regarding those documents.
v) To assess the applications for the fairs organized domestically and to make an offer to the Union in that regard.
y) To examine the consumer’s complaints regarding their members and to do other activities in line with their establishment purposes.
z) To issue capacity reports for industrialists by the chambers of commerce and industry, and at the provinces where the commerce and industry chambers are separated, by the chamber of industry.

In addition, the chambers, within the framework of the provisions of legislation, perform other duties as follows:

a) To establish or to participate in laboratories oriented to determine the quality of the commercial goods, to establish or participate in international calibration, testing laboratories, to render certification services,
b) To open courses regarding commercial, maritime business and industry, to assist the courses that have already opened, to train students in abroad or domestically for required areas and to provide trainees under the permission and supervision of the Ministry of National Education; to work on improvement and orientation of the professional and technical education and training, to issue documents related to the foregoing application of the profession branches that are not covered by the Law No. 3308 on Professional Education Law to the limits of the offices of their members,
c) To be an arbitrator in commercial and industrial disputes and to form arbitration boards, upon the request of the relevant persons,
d) To participate in exhibitions, fairs, public warehouses, storages, museums and libraries that are already opened or will be opened,
e) To establish and manage industrial sites, industrial zones, organized industrial zones technology improvement zones, techno-parks, technology centers in places where the Ministry finds appropriate; to be a founder and manager or just manager of free zones, operate warehouse and to establish and operate fair areas, congress centers and commercial centers or to participate to the already established ones in the framework of Law No. 3218 on Free Zones.

ORGANS OF THE CHAMBERS

The organs of the chamber are as follows:

a) Profession Committees
b) Assembly
c) Board of Directors
d) Board of Discipline

1- Profession committees of chambers
Profession committees of chambers shall be composed of five or seven persons, and five, seven, nine or eleven persons for the chambers exceeding ten thousand members, to be elected by profession groups for a period of four years. Alternate members of the same number of principal members shall also be elected.

Committee elects a chairman and a deputy chairman among its members for a period of four years.

Duties of profession committees of chambers:

a) To execute examinations regarding their professions, and to make proposals for discussion to the board of directors concerning measures that they consider beneficial and necessary for their field of activities.
b) To decide on the attendance of the chairman, the deputy chairman and the suitable members attend to the assembly meeting without voting about the issues on of the assembly’s agenda in connection with profession committees.
c) To research and respond to the request of information on matters regarding their professions, upon request by the assembly or the board of directors.
d) To perform all other duties conferred by relevant legislation.

CHAMBER ASSEMBLY

The chamber assembly is composed of members to be elected by profession committees for a period of four years

In profession committees composing of five persons, two out of five, in committees composing of seven persons three out of seven, in committees composing of nine persons, four out of nine, in committees composing of eleven persons five out of eleven members shall be elected as assembly members. The same number of alternate members shall also be elected. Our Camber has 70 assembly members.

The assembly shall elect a chairman and one or two deputy chairmen among their members for a period of four years.

The chairman and the deputy chairmen of the assembly shall not be elected as chairman and member to the board of directors and to the board of discipline. Those performed duty as chairman of assemblies for two years consecutively shall not be re-elected to perform the same duty unless two election periods have been passed by.

2 - Duties of assembly of chamber

a) To elect members of the board of directors and of the board of discipline of the chamber.
b) To elect delegates for the general assembly of the Union among their members.
c) To examine and decide upon the proposals made by the board of directors.
d) To take mandatory professional decisions.
e) To determine and announce commercial and industrial customs and practices within their working fields.
f) To review and approve monthly balances and transfer requests.
g) To establish arbitral institutions in order to settle the disputes arisen among their members or from the agreements contracted by members in the case where it is stated in the agreement, to approve the lists of arbitrators and experts to be requested by courts.
h) To grant decisions on the penalties proposed by the board of discipline regarding the members registered to the chamber.
i) To approve annual budgets and final accounts and to discharge the board of directors, to commence proceedings against those who prove to be liable. j) Chambers are authorized to sell, purchase, build, parcel, unify, gage immovable property, to borrow money, to expropriate, to build school and courses, and in accordance with the provisions of this Law to constitute corporation and foundation or become partner of already instituted corporations.
k) To accept the internal directive of the chamber and submit it to the Union for approval.
l) To review the objections against the decisions of the board of directors regarding the obligation of registering to the chamber or the degrees of their members and to grant final decisions on them.
m) To establish specialized commissions and consultation boards according to the professions and problems.
n) To be a member to industrial, commercial and economical institutions within Turkey and abroad and to send delegate to their congresses.
o) To review and to decide the proposals of the board of directors, or transfer this authority to the board of directors where necessary for waiving prosecution of receivables that are impossible to be collected, or for exempting and/or re-structuring subscription fee debts and their overdue increases of their members who have deceased, ceased trading and are in difficulty to pay their subscription debts due to force majeure events occurred beyond their control such as fire, flood, earthquake and the similar natural disasters, and for suits to be brought against the chamber or its members.
p) To grant honorary membership to persons, who have given important services to the activities of chambers or to Turkish economic life, by a decision taken by the two thirds majority of total members of the assembly.
r) To perform other duties conferred by relevant legislation

3 - Board of directors of the chamber

The board of directors of a chamber is composed of five persons for chambers having an assembly of less than twenty persons, seven persons for chambers having an assembly of between twenty and twenty-nine persons, nine persons for chambers having an assembly of between thirty and thirty-nine persons, eleven persons for chambers having an assembly of forty and more persons who are elected for a period of four years

The assembly shall elect the chairman, principal and alternate members of the board of directors among its members on a single list basis. The board of directors shall elect one or two deputy chairmen and an accountant member among its members for a period of four years.

Members who have been chairman of the board of directors for two consecutive periods shall not be re-elected to perform the same duty unless two election periods have been passed by.

Members who have been chairman of the board of directors for two consecutive periods shall not be re-elected to perform the same duty unless two election periods have been passed by.

The agenda of the meeting shall be determined by the chairman or in his absence by the deputy chairman authorized by the chairman himself. New items shall be inserted in the agenda by the application of at least one third majority of the members of the board of directors until the commencement of the meeting.

4 - Duties of the board of directors of the chamber

a) To execute the works of chamber within the framework of the legislation and assembly decisions.
b) To submit the budget, final account and transfer proposals and the reports thereon to the assembly of chamber.
c) To submit the monthly account report to the assembly of the chamber for examination and approval.
d) To give decision regarding the employment, dismissal, promotion and transfer of the chamber staff.
e) To give decision regarding that the board of discipline may execute the inquiries and to ensure that the disciplinary and pecuniary penalties imposed in accordance with this Law are implemented.
f) To prepare lists of arbitrator and experts and submit them to the assembly for approval.
g) To certify the documents stated in this Law and relevant legislation.
h) To prepare and submit an annual report regarding the activity of the chamber in a year and the economical and industrial status of the chamber’s region to the assembly.
ı) To submit the prepared internal directive of chamber to the assembly.
j) To make all kind of examination with regard to commerce and industry, to keep the records of the indexes and statistics concerning commercial and industrial activities within in working field, to follow and to record the market prices of materials determined by the assembly and announce them with appropriate instruments.
k) To take decisions regarding the discipline process of chamber employees in accordance with the procedures and principles envisaged in this Law and relevant legislation.
l) To support and encourage social activities, to make donations and aids, to grant scholarship, to establish schools and classrooms with the approval of the assembly, provided that the equivalent exists in the budget.
n) To elect arbitrator or arbitral tribunal.
o) To perform other duties conferred by this Law and the relevant legislation to chambers and not exclusively conferred to another organ.

4 - b) Assignment of the authorities of chamber’s board of directors
The board of directors of chamber may assign some of its authorities to the chairman, one or more of its members, or secretary general, where necessary.

5 - The board of discipline of the chamber

The board of discipline of a chamber shall consist of six principal and six alternate members elected by the assembly among members registered to the chamber for a period of four years.

The board of discipline of the chamber shall elect a chairman at its first meeting following the election. In the absence of the chairman, the eldest board member shall preside to the board. Qualifications required for being a discipline board member shall be determined by a regulation to be enacted by the Ministry upon having affirmative view of the Union.

5 - a) Duties of the discipline board of chamber

a) To execute disciplinary inquires against members registered to the chamber in accordance with the procedures and principles envisaged in this Law and relevant legislation.
b) To make proposal to the assembly regarding imposing disciplinary and pecuniary penalties against members registered to the chamber.